Patriarchate of fener
Panagia of blachernae
St. Savior in chora
St. Mary pammacaristos
Zoodochos pege at balikli
Pantocrator (from outside)
Hagia sophia hagia eirene (from outside)
Pick up from the hotels. The Ecumenical Patriarchate at Fener
; by Golden Horn
, is the heart of Orthodox Christianity. After Costantine the Great s declaration of Christianity as the religion of Roman Empire, the capital was moved from Rome to Byzantium. With the conquest (1453) of Ottoman Empire, the seat of Patriarchate remained in Istanbul.The Church commanding a loyalty about 250 million faithful.
Church of Panagia of Blachernae, the best known and most celebrated shrine of the Holy Virgin located near Golden Horn. Famed with the hagiasma (fountain of holy water), good to cure health problems, and the Hagion Lousma (sacred bath) good to clean the soul, where the emperor also came to purify himself.
St. Savior in Chora (Kariye), originally a Byzantine monastery, dedicated to Jesus Christ the Savior, survived with fantastic mosaics and frescoes, portraying scenes from the Bible, the life and miracles of Jesus.
The monastic complex of Christ Pantogrator (Zeyrek) was one of the largest and best organized of the Byzantine period, comprising two churches and a funerary chapel, baths, a hospice for the aged, a hospital and a medical school, a hostel for travellers and a library.
Zoodochos Pege at Balikli, dedicated to the Mother of God at Pege, with an underground cistern, full of gold fish related to a well-known miracle, and the fountain of holy water, believed to cure many diseases, is one of the most celebrated shrines.
St. Sergius & Bacchus, a landmark in Byzantine ecclesiastical architecture. Today it is known as the "Little Hagia Shophia" because its general plan is a precursor of the Hagia Shopia.
Hagia Sophia, through many centuries was the largest church of Christendom, dedicated to Divine Wisdom, an attribute of Christ. Hagia Shopia played an important role, -emperors were crowned and many victories were celebrated in this remarkable building.
Hagia Eirene, the old patriarchal church with its impressive size stands next to Hagia Sophia. Church of the St. Mary Pammacaristos (Fethiye Cami), built in XI. Century by Jhon Comnenus, displaying the aesthetic refinement attained to Paleologan age, originally belonged to a convent of nuns. Housed the Patriarchate for a while after the conquest. Transfer to the hotels.